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4 – 11 February 1945

Yalta Conference.

12 April 1945

US president Roosevelt dies.

16 April – 2 May 1945

Battle of Berlin.

May 1945

Hohenschönhausen prison taken over by NKVD, Soviet Intelligence, and run as Special Camp 3.

8 May 1945

Victory in Europe and end of World War II.

16 July 1945

US tests the first atomic bomb in a desert in America.

17 July – 2 August 1945

Potsdam Conference.

26 July 1945

Winston Churchill is defeated in the General Election in Britain and Clement Atlee becomes new prime minister.

6 August 1945

USA drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.

9 August 1945

USA drops an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan.

March 1946

Churchill's famous Iron Curtain speech in Fulton, USA.

Augmented Reality object

Spring 1947

The 'U-boat' area of Hohenschönhausen prison is opened.

Hohenschönhausen prison

12 March 1947

Truman announces the Truman Doctrine.

June 1947

The Marshall Plan.

24 June 1948

Berlin Blockade begins.

25 June 1948

Berlin Airlift begins.

Berlin blockade airlift

Tempelhof memorial

4 April 1949

Formation of NATO.

NATO logo

12 May 1949

Berlin Blockade ends.

24 May 1949

Foundation of Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).

September 1949

USSR detonates its first atomic bomb.

30 September 1949

Berlin Airlift ends.

7 October 1949

Foundation of German Democratic Republic (GDR) (East Germany).

1 March 1951

Hohenschönhausen is handed over to the GDR and soon becomes a Stasi Prison.

Watchtower, Stasi Prison

May 1951

British spies Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean defect to USSR.

May 1952

GDR closes the Glienicke Bridge to the West.

Glienicke Bridge

November 1952

USA detonates its first hydrogen bomb (H-bomb).

5 March 1953

Stalin dies, and Khrushchev becomes president of the USSR.

August 1953

USSR detonates its first hydrogen bomb.

14 May 1955

Formation of the Warsaw Pact.

July 1956

USA develops U-2 spy plane.

U-2 spy plane

October 1957

USSR launches the Sputnik satellite.

27 November 1958

Khrushchev calls for Western troops to be withdrawn from West Berlin, known as the Khrushchev Ultimatum.


USA develops Polaris missile that can be launched from submarines.

Polaris missile

1 May 1960

U-2 spy plane shot down over Soviet territory and US pilot Gary Powers is captured by the Soviets.

12 April 1961

Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space.

13 August 1961

Berlin Wall erected overnight to separate East and West Berlin.

Berlin Wall

15 August 1961

East German border guard Conrad Schumann jumps over the barbed wire and escapes to West Berlin.

16 August 1961

Berlin Wall's barbed wire is replaced by concrete blocks.

October 1961

USSR detonates the largest ever H-bomb.

22 - 25 October 1961

Confrontation at Checkpoint Charlie. Soviet and US tanks face each other.

Checkpoint Charlie

June 1962

Second layer is added to the Berlin Wall to prevent escapes to the West.

October 1962

Gary Powers is swapped on the Glienicke Bridge for Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.

Glienicke Bridge

14 – 28 October 1962

Cuban Missile Crisis

Kennedy and Khrushchev locked in a battle of wills in the Cuban Missile Crisis, bringing the world to the brink of nuclear war.

20 October 1962

USA announces a blockade of Cuba

27 October 1962

U-2 plane shot down over Cuba and the pilot killed.

23 January 1963

British spy Kim Philby defects to USSR.

23 - 26 June 1963

Kennedy visits Berlin.

Augmented Reality object

27 October 1963

USSR and USA sign Nuclear Test Ban Treaty not to test any more new nuclear weapons.

22 November 1963

Assassination of Kennedy in Dallas, USA.

20 July 1969

America lands the first man on the moon.

11 September 1971

Khrushchev dies.


Ronald Reagan becomes president of USA.

Official portrait of Reagan

June 1985

23 US intelligence officers swapped by the Soviets at Glienicke Bridge for 4 Soviet spies captured by the Americans.


Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty is signed.

May 1989

Hungarians begin to destroy the Berlin Wall between Hungary and Austria.

June 1989

Free elections held in Poland for the first time since the end of WWII.

November 1989

East Berliners march to the Berlin Wall. Communism collapses in Eastern Europe, The wall is dismantled.

Fall of the Berlin Wall

22 December 1989

Brandenburg Gate opens.

Brandenburg Gate

24 December 1989

West Berliners can visit the GDR without restrictions.

13 June 1990

Official demolition of the Berlin Wall.

1 October 1990

Hohenschönhausen handed over to the new government after the dissolution of the GDR.

3 October 1990

Ceremony for the reunification of Germany.

15 October 1990

Gorbachev receives the Nobel Peace Prize.

1990 - 1991

Gorbachev serves as president of USSR.


Strategic Arms Limitation talks are held.

July 1991

Boris Yeltsin becomes first president of Russia.

3 October 1991

Collapse of the USSR.