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US president Roosevelt dies.
Battle of Berlin.
Hohenschönhausen prison taken over by NKVD, Soviet Intelligence, and run as Special Camp 3.
Victory in Europe and end of World War II.
US tests the first atomic bomb in a desert in America.
Winston Churchill is defeated in the General Election in Britain and Clement Atlee becomes new prime minister.
USA drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.
USA drops an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan.
Churchill's famous Iron Curtain speech in Fulton, USA.
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The 'U-boat' area of Hohenschönhausen prison is opened.
Truman announces the Truman Doctrine.
The Marshall Plan.
Berlin Blockade begins.
Berlin Airlift begins.
Berlin blockade airlift
Formation of NATO.
Berlin Blockade ends.
Foundation of Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
USSR detonates its first atomic bomb.
Berlin Airlift ends.
Foundation of German Democratic Republic (GDR) (East Germany).
Hohenschönhausen is handed over to the GDR and soon becomes a Stasi Prison.
Watchtower, Stasi Prison
British spies Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean defect to USSR.
GDR closes the Glienicke Bridge to the West.
USA detonates its first hydrogen bomb (H-bomb).
Stalin dies, and Khrushchev becomes president of the USSR.
USSR detonates its first hydrogen bomb.
Formation of the Warsaw Pact.
USA develops U-2 spy plane.
U-2 spy plane
USSR launches the Sputnik satellite.
Khrushchev calls for Western troops to be withdrawn from West Berlin, known as the Khrushchev Ultimatum.
USA develops Polaris missile that can be launched from submarines.
U-2 spy plane shot down over Soviet territory and US pilot Gary Powers is captured by the Soviets.
Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space.
Berlin Wall erected overnight to separate East and West Berlin.
East German border guard Conrad Schumann jumps over the barbed wire and escapes to West Berlin.
Berlin Wall's barbed wire is replaced by concrete blocks.
USSR detonates the largest ever H-bomb.
Confrontation at Checkpoint Charlie. Soviet and US tanks face each other.
Second layer is added to the Berlin Wall to prevent escapes to the West.
Gary Powers is swapped on the Glienicke Bridge for Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedy and Khrushchev locked in a battle of wills in the Cuban Missile Crisis, bringing the world to the brink of nuclear war.
USA announces a blockade of Cuba
U-2 plane shot down over Cuba and the pilot killed.
British spy Kim Philby defects to USSR.
Kennedy visits Berlin.
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USSR and USA sign Nuclear Test Ban Treaty not to test any more new nuclear weapons.
Assassination of Kennedy in Dallas, USA.
America lands the first man on the moon.
Ronald Reagan becomes president of USA.
Official portrait of Reagan
23 US intelligence officers swapped by the Soviets at Glienicke Bridge for 4 Soviet spies captured by the Americans.
Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty is signed.
Hungarians begin to destroy the Berlin Wall between Hungary and Austria.
Free elections held in Poland for the first time since the end of WWII.
East Berliners march to the Berlin Wall. Communism collapses in Eastern Europe, The wall is dismantled.
Fall of the Berlin Wall
Brandenburg Gate opens.
West Berliners can visit the GDR without restrictions.
Official demolition of the Berlin Wall.
Hohenschönhausen handed over to the new government after the dissolution of the GDR.
Ceremony for the reunification of Germany.
Gorbachev receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
Gorbachev serves as president of USSR.
Strategic Arms Limitation talks are held.
Boris Yeltsin becomes first president of Russia.
Collapse of the USSR.